The Crusades

The Crusades are a complex event that is usually reduced to a few facts in most source:  Christians took back Jerusalem, Richard the Lionhearted fought and was captured, somebody named Saladin fought, and in the end it all came out all right.  In reality, this is one of the most complex historical areas, involving as many as 50 nation-states as combatants, up to 500 years of history (depending on what you count as a “crusade”) several sects of two main religions (who each fought for different things) and difficult to obtain sources in many languages, including Arabic.

Week 4 Links

Dhimmi (Wikipedia) and Oxford University Material on Dhimmi

Jewish Virtual Library on Jews and the Crusades

CNN article about the True Cross

The 5th Crusade


Week 3 Links

Medieval foods
Catholic Encyclopedia on Pope Innocent III
Wikipedia on Pope Innocent III
The Cathars and Cathar Crusade
The Third Crusade – Richard and Saladin
The 13th Century (“Century of the Stirrup”)


Week 2 Links

Interactive map of the Crusades
The Rules of the Order of the Knights Templar
Documentary Podcast on the Knights Templar
Crusades and concept of “A Just War”

The Horrible Histories Channel